Estratégias para o ensino de instrumento musical: bases teóricas e exemplos práticos aplicados ao violão

Autores

  • Ricieri Carlini Zorzal Universidade Federal do Maranhão

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33871/23179937.2020.8.3.3966

Palavras-chave:

Violão, Estratégias verbais de ensino, Comportamento gestual, Contato fí­sico, Modelagem aural

Resumo

Este artigo propõe uma discussão sobre a literatura cientí­fica relacionada às estratégias de ensino de instrumento musical e oferece exemplos práticos dessas estratégias aplicadas ao ensino de violão. Para tanto, parte-se de uma revisão da literatura pertinente ao tema e apresenta-se uma análise de excertos de uma amostra de master classes que dialogam com o conteúdo discutido. Dessa forma, são apresentados os seguintes construtos: estratégias verbais, divididas em linguagem literal, terminologia técnica da música e linguagem figurada; comportamento verbal do professor, caracterizado como elocuções verbais, curtas expressões, tipos de questões elaboradas e tipo de feedback oferecido; uso da partitura como meio de aproximar o estudante do conteúdo a ser trabalhado; papel do comportamento gestual no processo pedagógico; modelagem aural, dividida em demonstração vocal, demonstração instrumental e indicação de gravações, como estratégia de ensino da expressividade musical; e o papel do contato fí­sico como plataforma de comunicação para o ensino de instrumento musical.

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Biografia do Autor

Ricieri Carlini Zorzal, Universidade Federal do Maranhão

Bacharel em violão pela Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, mestre em Práticas Interpretativas e doutor em Educação Musical pela Universidade Federal da Bahia. É professor associado I da Universidade Federal do Maranhão, onde exerceu, entre 2012 e 2015, a função de chefe do Departamento de Artes. Em 2016 realizou, com bolsa FAPEMA, estudos em ní­vel pós-doutoral na Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, na Alemanha. Coordena o grupo ENSAIO (Grupo de Pesquisa em Ensino e Aprendizagem da Performance Musical), que tem projetos de pesquisa financiados pela FAPEMA e CNPp e tem publicado seus resultados em periódicos especializados e congressos no brasil e no exterior. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1896-3967

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Publicado

15.12.2020

Como Citar

Zorzal, R. C. (2020). Estratégias para o ensino de instrumento musical: bases teóricas e exemplos práticos aplicados ao violão. Revista Vórtex, 8(3). https://doi.org/10.33871/23179937.2020.8.3.3966

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