Kirchner and Time – An Analysis of Linear and Nonlinear Time in Leon Kirchner's Interlude I


  • Adriana Jarvis Twitchell Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina
  • Guilherme Sauerbronn Barros Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina


This article aims to analyze temporality in Leon Kirchner's Interlude I for solo piano, in light of Jonathon Kramer's book The Time of Music. The first section serves as an introduction to the composer – his biography, influences, and compositional style. The following section introduces Jonathon Kramer's book and his concepts of linear and nonlinear time in music. Thereafter an analysis of aspects of the Interlude's linear time, as defined by Kramer, is presented, including linearity manifest through developing variation, step-wise motion, tonal references, changes in tempo, flexion count changes, and transpositions. The next section seeks to examine manifestations of nonlinear time in the Interlude, such as balance and recapitulation, and discusses the implications of Kramer's nonlinear moment time. The conclusion summarizes interactions between linearity and nonlinearity in the Interlude.


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Biografia do Autor

Adriana Jarvis Twitchell, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina

Adriana Jarvis Twitchell is a graduate in piano performance from Brigham Young University (USA) and Master of Music from UDESC in Florianópolis. Her quartet Avery Ensemble was awarded the 2016 American Prize in Chamber Music, and her duo with Hans Twitchell was a prize winner at the 2011 International Liszt-Garrison Duo Competition in Baltimore, MD. Ms. Jarvis has recorded on the Zephyr, Parma and Ablaze record labels. ORCID: E-mail:

Guilherme Sauerbronn Barros, Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina

Dr. Guilherme Sauerbronn Barros holds a Bachelor's Degree from UNIRIO (1994), Masters Degree in piano from UFRJ (1998) and a Doctorate of Musicology from the Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (2005). Currently he is a professor of piano at UDESC, and is editor of the musicology journal Orfeu (PPGMUS-UDESC), and on the board of editors for Debates (UNIRIO). ORCID: E-mail:


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Como Citar

Twitchell, A. J., & Barros, G. S. (2019). Kirchner and Time – An Analysis of Linear and Nonlinear Time in Leon Kirchner’s Interlude I. Revista Vórtex, 7(1). Recuperado de