Form and Structure in J. Haydn's "Von deiner Güt' o Herr und Gott" , from The Creation
Palavras-chave:Classical form, form in J. Haydn, tonal structure in classical form, tonal balance in classical form, parataxis
ResumoIn challenging SPITZER's (2009) proposition of absence of structure and balance (parataxis) within "Von deiner Güt', o Herr und Gott" , from J. Haydn's The Creation, the present article addresses contemporary analytical theories of form that may reveal exactly the opposite. The analytical framework used in the study was drawn from theoretical tools designed by CAPLIN (1998; 2001; 2009), HEPOKOSKI, and DARCY (2006) for the analysis of Classical form. This paper argues that tonal balance is a fundamental organizational device and serves as a structuring agent in the composition discussed. Moreover, the tonal balance featured in "Von deiner Güt'" illuminates the underlying structure of the textual narrative, thus rendering a stronger rhetorical appeal to the climactic moment in which it is inserted. The most salient significance of this research lies in its applicability to other cases of less strict formal structure that may be dismissed as parataxis while they, in fact, feature careful formal construction on the composer's part.
CAPLIN, William E. Classical Form: a Theory of Formal Functions for the Instrumental Music of Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven. New York, Oxford University Press, 1998.
CAPLIN, William. On the Relation of Musical Topoi to Formal Function. Eighteenth-Century Music, Vol. 2, No. 1, 113-124, 2005.
CAPLIN, William E. The Classical Sonata Exposition: Cadential Goals and Form-Functional Plans. Tijdschrift voor Muziektheorie, Vol. 6, No. 3, 195-209, 2001.
CAPLIN, William E.; HEPOKOSKI, James; WEBSTER, James. Musical Form, Forms and Formenlehre: Three Methodological Reflections. Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2009.
DOLAN, Emily I. The Work of the Orchestra in Haydn"™s Creation. 19th-Century Music, Vol. 34, No. 1, 3-38, 2010.
FEDER, Georg; WEBSTER, James. Oxford Music Online, 2001. Haydn, (Franz) Joseph. Available at:<https://www.oxfordmusiconline.com/grovemusic/view/10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.001.0001/omo-9781561592630-e-0000044593?rskey=asIZiL>. Accessed on: 21 jul., 2020
GJERDINGEN, Robert O. Music in the Galant Style. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007.
HEPOKOSKI, James; DARCY, Warren. Elements of Sonata Theory: Norms, Types, and Deformations in the Late Eighteenth-Century Sonata. New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
HAYDN, Franz Joseph. Die Schöpfung. Leipzig: Breitkop und Härtel, 1803. Available at: <https://imslp.simssa.ca/files/imglnks/usimg/4/41/IMSLP471217-PMLP40341-E93357_etc-1_pdfsam_haydn_skab_1.pdf>. Accessed on April 26, 2021.
HAYDN, Franz Joseph. Die Schöpfung. Leipzig: C. F. Peters, 1882. Available at: <https://imslp.simssa.ca/files/imglnks/usimg/7/71/IMSLP35013-PMLP40341-Haydn-SchoepfungVSpeters.pdf>. Accessed on April 26, 2021.
KRAMER, Lawrence. Recalling the Sublime: the Logic of Creation in Haydn"™s Creation. Eighteenth-Century Music, Vol. 6, No. 1, 41-57, 2009.
LOUGHRIDGE, Deirdre. Haydn"™s Creation as an Optical Entertainment. The Journal of Musicology, Vol. 27, No. 1, 9-54, 2010.
MIRKA, Danuta (Org.). The Oxford Handbook of Topic Theory. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.
SMITHER, Howard E. Oxford Music Online, 2001. Oratorio. Available at:
SPITZER, Michael. Haydn"™s Creation as Late Style: Parataxis, Pastoral and the Retreat from Humanism. Journal of Musicology, Vol. 28, 223-248, 2009.
TEMPERLEY, Nicholas. Haydn"™s Tempos in The Creation. Early Music, Vol. 19, No. 2, 235-245, 1991.
Copyright (c) 2021 Eduardo Sola Chagas Lima
Este trabalho está licenciado sob uma licença Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Autores mantêm os direitos autorais e concedem à revista o direito de primeira publicação, com o trabalho simultaneamente licenciado sob a Licença Creative Commons Attribution que permite o compartilhamento do trabalho com reconhecimento da autoria e publicação inicial nesta revista.